The First Indians
One of the most satisfying things to do in Sedona is visit the Indian ruins. There have been people living in the Verde Valley for thousands of years, but until relatively recently they remained hunter/gatherers. These early nomadic people harvested the various plants when in season, and thought the area to be the best shopping market around. Agave, manzanita, scrub oak, and pinon pine all provided food if one knew how to process it. Through trial and error they learned various uses, and through oral tradition, they passed it down.
They learned that by digging up the roots of certain yucca you could make soap, and by weaving strands of bear grass together they made baskets so tightly woven that they would hold water; later, heated stones could be dropped in to boil water. Snakeweed could be made into a poultice to be put on rattlesnake bites. In the old days elders truly carried the tribe’s wealth in the form of memories.
One staple food that grows all over the area is the prickly pear cactus. By throwing a few on a fire, the needles burn off and the whole thing can be eaten; the cooked cactus tastes a bit like a soggy French fry but it’ll keep you alive. The small fruit that grows on the prickly pear was priceless for flavoring to the early Indians. Visitors to Sedona can try prickly pear margaritas (and prickly pear cactus fries) at restaurants in Upper Sedona.
By examining artifacts the first Indians left behind, like arrowheads and eating implements, it is known that they relied on meat, as well as plants. As the ice age came to an end and the climate warmed up, the mega fauna—giant ground sloths, mastodons, camels, horses, etc.—became extinct (horses were later reintroduced by the Spaniards). The ancient hunters were then forced to hunt the smaller animals like deer and rabbits. Using a throwing device called an atlatl, and simple traps, they became quite efficient.
The first Indians of the Verde Valley left their mark on Sedona; how will their legacy impress you, the visitor?
1. Out Of Africa Wildlife Park
2. Cozy Cactus Bed & Breakfast
3. Rose Tree Inn
4. A Spa For You Sedona Day Spa
5. Arabella Hotel Sedona
6. El Portal Sedona
El Portal Sedona Hotel is dedicated to providing an extraordinary lodging experience for guests a
7. Best Western PLUS Inn Of Sedona
8. Pink Jeep Tours Sedona's Most Popular Tour
9. Arizona Outdoor Adventures
10. Sedona Wine Adventures
We offer 4 very popular Sedona wine tasting tours along the Verde Valley Wine Trail. We visit the
11. Canyon Villa Bed & Breakfast Inn Of Sedona
12. Sedona Trail Zen
13. Tlaquepaque Arts & Crafts Village
14. Papillon Grand Canyon Helicopters
15. Sedona UFO & Vortex Tours
"Voted BEST 1 day experience in Sedona. Let me show you the true POWER of SEDONA! Sedona is not
16. Briar Patch Inn
17. GreenTree Inn Sedona
18. Junipine Resort
19. Sedona Hiking App
Take a Hike! The Sedona Hiking App currently has over 100 trails, three hundred and sixty miles o
20. Canyon Wren Cabins For Two
21. Sky Ranch Lodge
22. Butterfly Garden Inn
23. Sedona Real Inn & Suites
24. Hilton Sedona At Bell Rock
25. Grand Canyon Day Tour
Voted on Trip Advisor as the most popular Grand Canyon day tour. This is the best way to enjoy th
Pink Jeep Tours in Sedona and Grand Canyon
Voted by Trip Advisor as the #4 tour company in the US! Explore Sedona or the Grand Canyon with entertaining and knowledgable guides.
Book a Tour »
SEDONA'S METAPHYSICAL WONDERS
Crystals, vortexes and UFO sightings: what makes Sedona's metaphysical wonders so compelling to visitors and locals?
See Sedona's Metaphysical Side »
INDIAN RUINS AND ROCK ART SITES
Learn about the Sinaguan and Hopi Native American ruins and rock art sites near Sedona and in the Verde Valley. Explore the Ancient Sites »
WHAT HAPPENED TO THE SINAGUA?
Sedona's first Indians mysteriously disappeared at the peak of their civilization, leaving breathtaking adobe ruins behind. See How The Sinagua Left Their Mark »